DPP4 Human Recombinant is a single, glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 977 amino acids (29-766a.a) and having a molecular mass of 112.1kDa (calculated). DPP4 is fused to a 239 amino acid hIgG-Tag at C-terminus and is purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.
DPP4 protein solution (0.25mg/ml) contains 10% Glycerol and Phosphate-Buffered Saline (pH 7.4).
For long term storage it is recommended to add a carrier protein (0.1% HSA or BSA).
Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.
Specific activity is > 15,000 pmol/min/ug in which one unit defined as the amount of enzyme that hydrolyze 1pmole of H-Gly-Pro-AMC.HBr to H-Gly-Pro and AMC per minute at pH 8.0 at 37℃.
The ED50 range ≤250 ng/ml is measured by its binding ability in a functional ELISA with MERS-CoV Spike S1 Subunit (CAT# sars-052)..
The ED50 range ≤200 ng/ml is measured by its binding ability in a functional ELISA with MERS-CoV Spike RBD (CAT# sars-054).
The ED50 range ≤120 ng/ml is measured by its binding ability in a functional ELISA with MERS-CoV Spike (CAT# sars-051).
Amino acid sequence
DGSMNKGTDD ATADSRKTYT LTDYLKNTYR LKLYSLRWIS DHEYLYKQEN NILVFNAEYG NSSVFLENST FDEFGHSIND YSISPDGQFI LLEYNYVKQW RHSYTASYDI YDLNKRQLIT EERIPNNTQW VTWSPVGHKL AYVWNNDIYV KIEPNLPSYR ITWTGKEDII YNGITDWVYE EEVFSAYSAL WWSPNGTFLA YAQFNDTEVP LIEYSFYSDE SLQYPKTVRV PYPKAGAVNP TVKFFVVNTD SLSSVTNATS IQITAPASML IGDHYLCDVT WATQERISLQ WLRRIQNYSV MDICDYDESS GRWNCLVARQ HIEMSTTGWV GRFRPSEPHF TLDGNSFYKI ISNEEGYRHI CYFQIDKKDC TFITKGTWEV IGIEALTSDY LYYISNEYKG MPGGRNLYKI QLSDYTKVTC LSCELNPERC QYYSVSFSKE AKYYQLRCSG PGLPLYTLHS SVNDKGLRVL EDNSALDKML QNVQMPSKKL DFIILNETKF WYQMILPPHF DKSKKYPLLL DVYAGPCSQK ADTVFRLNWA TYLASTENII VASFDGRGSG YQGDKIMHAI NRRLGTFEVE DQIEAARQFS KMGFVDNKRI AIWGWSYGGY VTSMVLGSGS GVFKCGIAVA PVSRWEYYDS VYTERYMGLP TPEDNLDHYR NSTVMSRAEN FKQVEYLLIH GTADDNVHFQ QSAQISKALV DVGVDFQAMW YTDEDHGIAS STAHQHIYTH MSHFIKQCFS LPKLLEPKSC DKTHTCPPCP APELLGGPSV FLFPPKPKDT LMISRTPEVT CVVVDVSHED PEVKFNWYVD GVEVHNAKTK PREEQYNSTY RVVSVLTVLH QDWLNGKEYK CKVSNKALPA PIEKTISKAK GQPREPQVYT LPPSRDELTK NQVSLTCLVK GFYPSDIAVE WESNGQPENN YKTTPPVLDS DGSFFLYSKL TVDKSRWQQG NVFSCSVMHE ALHNHYTQKS LSLSPGK.
Safety Data Sheet
DPP4 protein, also known as Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 or CD26, is a cell surface protease with diverse functions in cell signaling and metabolism. This research aims to investigate the role of DPP4 protein in various physiological processes and its implications in disease pathogenesis. Understanding the biological significance of DPP4 can provide insights into its potential as a therapeutic target for several disorders.
Function of DPP4 Protein:
DPP4 protein is involved in the cleavage and regulation of several peptide hormones and chemokines, influencing their bioactivity and half-life. It is widely expressed in various tissues, including immune cells, endothelial cells, and epithelial cells. DPP4 can modulate immune responses, glucose metabolism, and neuropeptide signaling through enzymatic and non-enzymatic activities.
Role of DPP4 Protein in Immune Regulation:
DPP4 protein plays a role in immune cell activation and regulation. It is expressed on the surface of T cells, where it functions as a co-stimulatory molecule. DPP4 engagement on T cells promotes T cell activation, cytokine production, and adhesion to endothelial cells. Additionally, DPP4 can cleave and inactivate certain chemokines, thereby influencing chemotaxis and immune cell recruitment.
Implications of DPP4 Protein in Metabolic Disorders:
DPP4 protein is involved in glucose metabolism and insulin regulation. It cleaves incretin hormones, such as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), which play crucial roles in glucose homeostasis. Inhibition of DPP4 activity can enhance the action of these incretin hormones, leading to improved glycemic control. Therefore, DPP4 inhibitors have been developed as antidiabetic drugs.
Association of DPP4 Protein with Cardiovascular Diseases:
DPP4 protein has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. Elevated DPP4 levels have been observed in patients with heart failure, atherosclerosis, and hypertension. DPP4 can contribute to endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, and vascular remodeling, which are key factors in the development and progression of cardiovascular disorders. Inhibition of DPP4 activity has shown potential as a therapeutic strategy in preclinical studies.
Given its involvement in various biological processes and disease pathogenesis, DPP4 protein has emerged as a potential therapeutic target. DPP4 inhibitors, which prevent the enzymatic activity of DPP4, have been developed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. These inhibitors enhance the action of incretin hormones, leading to improved glycemic control. Additionally, ongoing research aims to explore the therapeutic potential of DPP4 inhibitors in other conditions, such as immune-mediated disorders and cardiovascular diseases.
The investigation of DPP4 protein provides insights into its diverse functions in cell signaling, immune regulation, and metabolism. Understanding the role of DPP4 in disease pathogenesis opens avenues for the development of targeted therapies for conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and immune-mediated disorders. Further research on DPP4 protein and its associated pathways may uncover new therapeutic opportunities and improve patient outcomes.