Y. Enterocolitica

Y. Enterocolitica

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Yersinia Enterocolitica or Y. Enterocolitica, is a style of bacteria that is part of the Yersiniaceae family. Shaped like the bacillus bacteria, or a rod, it’s also Gram-negative and tends to be motile around the temperatures of 22–29°C. It’s often contracted when eating either raw or undercooked pork. Let’s take a look at it in more detail.

Y. Enterocolitica Mechanism
The Yersinia Enterocolitica bacteria enters the intestinal epithelial cell in order to invade the body and infect. This can happen in two ways. It will follow a process named zippering. This involves the invasion of the mammalian cell membrane and the protein binding of the cell surface.

Y. Enterocolitica Interactions
The interactions tend to be with platelets in the blood. When this takes place, an aggressive interaction with chromosomal genes can also happen. Many deaths have been attributed to this infection. Temperatures can affect the absorption here and it may be the case that anything over 37°C can offer a level of protection.

Y. Enterocolitica Function
The function of Y. Enterocolitica is to invade the digestive tract. It can cause fever, abdominal pain and loose stools. Any symptoms of infection can show after 4-7 days post-infection. However, it can also last 1-3 weeks or much longer.

Y. Enterocolitica Structure
The Y. Enterocolitica cell structure itself include an outer membrane with the glycolipids lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and enterobacterial common antigen (ECA) as examples. There are also a range of cell surface adhesion proteins, such as Inv, YadA and Ail.