TGFB1 Human

TGFB1 Human

  • Name
  • Description
  • Cat#
  • Pricings
  • Quantity
  • TGFB1 Human

  • Transforming Growth Factor-beta 1 Human
  • CYT-561
  • Shipped at Room temp.

Catalogue number



Transforming growth factor beta-1, TGF-beta-1, CED, DPD1, TGFB, TGF-b 1.


Transforming growth factor betas (TGF Betas) mediate many cell-cell interactions that occur during embryonic development. Three TGFBetas have been identified in mammals. TGFBeta1, TGFBeta2 and TGFBeta3 are each synthesized as precursor proteins that are very similar in that each is cleaved to yield a 112 amino acid polypeptide that remains associated with the latent portion of the molecule.


Human Transforming Growth Factor-beta 1 purified from Human Platelets having a molecular mass of 25kDa.
The TGF-b 1 is purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.


Human Platelets.

Physical Appearance

Sterile Filtered lyophilized powder.


TGF-Beta1 protein was lyophilized from a solution containing 30% acetonitrile and 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid. 


It is recommended to reconstitute lyophilized TGF-beta 1 in 0.5% BSA in 0.1N acetic acid, which can then be further diluted to the desired aliquot with 30% acetonitrile and 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid.


Lyophilized TGF-beta 1 although stable at room temperature for 3 weeks, should be stored desiccated below -18°C. Upon reconstitution TGF-beta 1 should be stored at 4°C between 2-7 days and for future use below -18°C.


Greater than 98.0% as determined by SDS-PAGE.

Biological Activity

Stimulates the growth of NRK-1 cells in soft agar at concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 5ng/ml corresponding to a specific activity of 200,000-10,000,000IU/mg. Effective concentration ranges must be experimentally determined. Purified EGF and/or TGF- must be present for observation of the biological activity.

Safety Data Sheet


ProSpec's products are furnished for LABORATORY RESEARCH USE ONLY. They may not be used as drugs, agricultural or pesticidal products, food additives or household chemicals.


Title: Transforming Growth Factor-Beta 1 Human: An Insight into its Role in Cellular Regulation



Transforming Growth Factor-Beta 1 (TGF-β1) is a multifunctional cytokine that plays a critical role in various cellular processes, including cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, and immune regulation. This research paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the structure, synthesis, signaling pathways, and biological functions of TGF-β1 in human cells. Additionally, this article highlights the relevance of TGF-β1 in various physiological and pathological conditions, including cancer, fibrosis, and immune disorders. Furthermore, potential therapeutic strategies targeting TGF-β1 signaling are also discussed. The information presented in this paper consolidates the current understanding of TGF-β1 and its significance in cellular regulation.



Transforming Growth Factor-Beta 1 (TGF-β1) belongs to a superfamily of growth factors that regulate various cellular processes. It is synthesized as a precursor protein and undergoes proteolytic cleavage to generate the biologically active form. TGF-β1 exerts its effects by binding to specific cell surface receptors, leading to the activation of downstream signaling cascades. These signaling pathways involve Smad-dependent and Smad-independent mechanisms, which ultimately regulate gene expression and cellular responses.


Biological Functions:

TGF-β1 regulates cell proliferation by exerting both stimulatory and inhibitory effects, depending on the cellular context. It plays a crucial role in tissue development, wound healing, and tissue repair by promoting extracellular matrix synthesis and modulating the immune response. TGF-β1 also has immunomodulatory functions, influencing the differentiation and function of immune cells. However, dysregulation of TGF-β1 signaling is associated with various pathologies, including cancer progression, fibrosis, and autoimmune disorders.


Role in Cancer:

TGF-β1 acts as a tumor suppressor in early stages of cancer by inhibiting cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis. However, in advanced stages, it promotes tumor progression by enhancing tumor cell migration, invasion, and angiogenesis. The dual role of TGF-β1 in cancer highlights its complex involvement in tumorigenesis.


Therapeutic Implications:

Given the significant role of TGF-β1 in various diseases, targeting its signaling pathways has emerged as a potential therapeutic strategy. Several approaches, including small molecule inhibitors, antibodies, and gene therapies, are being explored to modulate TGF-β1 activity in a controlled manner. These interventions hold promise in the treatment of cancer, fibrosis, and other TGF-β1-related disorders.



Transforming Growth Factor-Beta 1 is a versatile cytokine with diverse functions in cellular regulation. Its role in physiological processes and disease pathogenesis underscores its importance as a therapeutic target. Further investigations into the precise mechanisms and downstream effects of TGF-β1 signaling will contribute to the development of novel therapies for various human disorders.




  1. Massagué, J. (2012). TGFβ signalling in context. Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology, 13(10), 616-630.
  2. Derynck, R., & Budi, E. H. (2019). Specificity, versatility, and control of TGF-β family signaling. Science, 361(6403), eaay5355.
  3. Batlle, E., & Massagué, J. (2019). Transforming growth factor-β signaling in immunity and cancer. Immunity, 50(4), 924-940.
  4. Pickup, M. W., Mouw, J. K., & Weaver, V. M. (2014). The extracellular matrix modulates the hallmarks of cancer. EMBO Reports, 15(12), 1243-1253.
  5. Akhurst, R. J., & Hata, A. (2012). Targeting the TGFβ signalling pathway in disease. Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, 11(10), 790-811.
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