About Albumin / HSA:
Albumin is defined as a family of globular proteins, and all the proteins within this family are water soluble, and experience heat denaturation. Proteins are essential to the genetic makeup of the human body, and there are plenty of components that make up these proteins and allow them to work.
Albumins are most commonly found in blood plasma, but they are not glycosylated, thus making them different from other blood proteins. In fact, it appears that a number of blood transport proteins are related to the albumin family in some way. These include, but are not limited to, alpha-fetoprotein, afamin, and serum albumin.
Albumin stops fluid from leaking out of the body’s blood vessels, and transports hormones around the body. It also nourishes tissues, and transports drugs, vitamins, and calcium around the body. This is a hugely important function for helping the human body to operate and function at the highest level.
Essentially, the basic function of albumin is that it is designed to act as transport proteins, which allows them to attach to ligands and carry them around the body. Human types of albumin include human serum albumin, alpha-fetoprotein, Vitamin D-binding protein, and Extracellular matrix protein 1.
Albumin is made up of three homologous areas that make up a heart-shaped protein. Each of the areas is made up of two sub-areas with similar structural makeup. Albumin is also categorised as being a 65-70 dalton protein.