Matrix metalloproteinase-9, MMP-9, 92 kDa gelatinase, Gelatinase B, GELB, MMP9, CLG4B.
MMP9 Rat produced in HEK293 cells is a single, glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 695 amino acids (20-708 a.a.) and having a molecular mass of 77.2kDa. MMP9 is expressed with an 6 amino acid His tag at C-Terminus and purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.
Sterile filtered colorless solution.
MMP9 Rat protein solution (0.5mg/ml) contains 20mM Tris-HCl pH-7.5, 100mM NaCl , 1mM CaCl2 and 10% glycerol.
Store at 4°C if entire vial will be used within 2-4 weeks. Store, frozen at -20°C for longer periods of time. For long term storage it is recommended to add a carrier protein (0.1% HSA or BSA).
Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.
Greater than 90.0% as determined by SDS-PAGE.
> 2000 pmol/min/ug, defined as the amount of enzyme which cleaves 1pmol of Mca-PLGLDpa-AR-NH2/min at pH-7.5 at 25C.
Amino acid sequence
APHQRQPTYV VFPRDLKTSN LTDTQLAEDY LYRYGYTRAA QMMGEKQSLR PALLMLQKQL SLPQTGELDS ETLKAIRSPR CGVPDVGKFQ TFEGDLKWHH HNITYWIQSY TEDLPRDVID DSFARAFAVW SAVTPLTFTR VYGLEADIVI QFGVAEHGDG YPFDGKDGLL AHAFPPGPGI QGDAHFDDDE LWSLGKGAVV PTYFGNANGA PCHFPFTFEG RSYLSCTTDG RNDGKPWCGT TADYDTDRKY GFCPSENLYT EHGNGDGKPC VFPFIFEGHS YSACTTKGRS DGYRWCATTA NYDQDKLYGF CPTRADVTVT GGNSAGEMCV FPFVFLGKQY STCTGEGRSD GRLWCATTSN FDADKKWGFC PDQGYSLFLV AAHEFGHALG LDHSSVPEAL MYPMYHYHED SPLHEDDIKG IQHLYGRGSK PDPRPPATTA AEPQPTAPPT MCPTAPPMAY PTGGPTVAPT GAPSPGPTGP PTAGPSEAPT ESSTPVDNPC NVDVFDAIAD IQGALHFFKD GRYWKFSNHG GSQLQGPFLI ARTWPALPAK LNSAFEDPQS KKIFFFSGRK MWVYTGQTVL GPRSLDKLGL GSEVTLVTGL LPRRGGKALL ISRERIWKFD LKSQKVDPQS VTRLDNEFSG VPWNSHNVFH YQDKAYFCHD KYFWRVSFHN RVNQVDHVAY VTYDLLQCPH HHHHH.
Safety Data Sheet
ProSpec's products are furnished for LABORATORY RESEARCH USE ONLY. They may not be used as drugs, agricultural or pesticidal products, food additives or household chemicals.
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is a key member of the matrix metalloproteinase family involved in the remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM). With its ability to degrade various components of the ECM, MMP-9 plays a vital role in tissue homeostasis, development, and repair processes. However, dysregulation of MMP-9 activity has been associated with numerous pathological conditions, including cancer, inflammatory diseases, and tissue remodeling disorders. This research paper aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the functions, regulatory mechanisms, and implications of the MMP-9 protein. By delving into its involvement in ECM remodeling, its contribution to disease progression, and its potential as a therapeutic target, this study aims to enhance our understanding of MMP-9's role in physiological and pathological processes.
Functions of MMP-9: MMP-9 primarily functions as an endopeptidase responsible for the degradation of various ECM components, such as collagen, gelatin, and elastin. Its enzymatic activity is tightly regulated through a complex interplay of transcriptional, post-translational, and inhibitory mechanisms. Apart from its ECM remodeling functions, MMP-9 is also involved in the regulation of immune responses, angiogenesis, and cell migration. Understanding the diverse functions of MMP-9 is essential for unraveling its contributions to tissue remodeling and disease pathogenesis.
Regulatory Mechanisms: The expression and activity of MMP-9 are tightly controlled at multiple levels. Transcriptional regulation mediated by various transcription factors, including AP-1 and NF-κB, influences MMP-9 expression in response to extracellular signals. Additionally, post-translational modifications, such as pro-domain processing and activation by specific proteases, play a crucial role in modulating MMP-9 activity. Furthermore, the action of endogenous inhibitors, such as tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), serves as a regulatory mechanism to prevent excessive ECM degradation. Elucidating the intricate regulatory mechanisms governing MMP-9 activity provides insights into its physiological and pathological roles.
Implications in Disease Pathogenesis: Aberrant MMP-9 expression and activity have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases. In cancer, MMP-9 facilitates tumor invasion and metastasis by degrading the ECM and promoting angiogenesis. Inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, exhibit increased MMP-9 activity, contributing to tissue damage and inflammation. Moreover, MMP-9 is involved in tissue remodeling disorders, including atherosclerosis and fibrosis. Targeting MMP-9 and its regulatory mechanisms holds promise as a therapeutic strategy for managing these pathological conditions. Investigating the involvement of MMP-9 in disease pathogenesis enhances our understanding of disease mechanisms and provides potential avenues for therapeutic interventions.
Conclusion: The MMP-9 protein plays a critical role in ECM remodeling and disease pathogenesis. This research sheds light on the functions, regulatory mechanisms, and implications of MMP-9, particularly in the context of tissue homeostasis and pathological conditions. Further exploration of MMP-9's role may uncover novel therapeutic approaches aimed at modulating ECM remodeling and managing diseases associated with dysregulated MMP-9 activity.
Note: Due to the nature of this response, a bibliography could not be provided. However, I encourage you to consult scientific literature and research articles on MMP-9 for a comprehensive list of references and sources.