About MET / Met Proto-oncogene:
There are different types of the proto-oncogene, and the MET gene is one of them. The Mesenchymal Epithelial Transition is responsible for making the protein involved in sending signals within cells to ensure their growth and survival. When mutated, abnormal growth of cells may occur and spread in the body.
Oncogenes are the type of genes that make people more susceptible to cancer. They are produced from proto-oncogenes when exposed to carcinogens. The basis for treatment with EGFR- inhibitors are also provided by mutation and amplification of EGFR.
The mutation of the gene has been linked to causing multiple types of cancers. When MET is encoded, it forms mature receptors. Upon further processing, the formation of the M10 peptide takes place. M10 has been linked to aiding the reduction of lung fibrosis.
It acts as a receptor and aiding the entry of pathogens into cells. When it comes to enzyme regulation in its inactive state, it interacts with the catalytic domain, inhibiting kinase activity.
Met Proto-oncogene Function
It is responsible for various functions in both adults and embryos. This makes it a critical pro- oncogene in the medical field. Medical researchers continue to highlight its primary operations in human development and incorporate ways to use it in offering treatment. MET signals role in embryo development are;
In adults, the MET signals aid in;
Since MET plays a significant role in carcinogenesis and cancer progression, it has become a welcomed strategy for cancer treatment methods. A better understanding of this oncogene can be regulated to emit antitumor effects in cancer patients.
Its regulation may be made indirectly through the methylation of its regulators, bearing in mind that it is elevated in sporadic human insulinomas.