Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirusthat can lead to a condition in which the immune systembegins to fail, leading to opportunistic infections. HIV primarily infects vital cells in the humanimmune systemsuch as helper T cells(specifically CD4+ T cells), macrophagesand dendritic cells. HIV infection leads to low levels of CD4+ T cells through three main mechanisms: firstly, direct viral killing of infected cells; secondly, increased rates of apoptosisin infected cells; and thirdly, killing of infected CD4+ T cells by CD8 cytotoxic lymphocytesthat recognize infected cells. When CD4+ T cell numbers decline below a critical level, cell-mediated immunityis lost, and the body becomes progressively more susceptible to opportunistic infections. HIV was classified as a member of the genus Lentivirus, part of the family of Retroviridae. Lentiviruses have many common morphologies and biological properties. Many species are infected by lentiviruses, which are characteristically responsible for long-duration illnesses with a long incubation period.HIV-1 gp41 Subtype-b reacts to HIV1 antibody from HIV infected patients, over 90% HIV1 samples collected in house were tested strongly positive by rapid test.
Recombinant HIV-1 gp41 Subtype-b produced in E. coli having a Mw of 42kDa.
Recombinant HIV-1 gp41 Subtype-b is fused to GST tag at its N-terminus and purified by proprietary chromatographic technique.
Sterile Filtered clear solution.
HIV-1 gp41 Subtype-b solution contains 25mM K2CO3,4M urea and PBS.
Store at 4°C if entire vial will be used within 2-4 weeks.
Store, frozen at -20°C for longer periods of time.
For long term storage it is recommended to add a carrier protein (0.1% HSA or BSA).
Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.
Protein is >95% pure as determined by 10% PAGE (coomassie staining).