Carbonic anhydrase-related protein 10, Carbonic anhydrase-related protein X, CA-RP X, CARP X, carbonic anhydrase X, Cerebral protein 15, hucep-15, epididymis secretory sperm binding protein, UNQ533/PRO1076.
CA10 Human Recombinant is a single, glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 317 amino acids (22-328a.a) and having a molecular mass of 36.3kDa (calculated). CA10 is fused to a 6 amino acid His-tag at C-terminus and is purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.
CA10 protein solution (0.5mg/ml) is filtered in Phosphate-Buffered Saline pH 7.4 and 10% (w/v) glycerol.
Store at 4°C if entire vial will be used within 2-4 weeks.
Store, frozen at -20°C for longer periods of time.
Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.
Greater than 95.0% as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Specific activity is > 150 pmol/min/ug, and is defined as the amount of enzyme that hydrolyze 1pmole of pnitrophenyl acetate to p-nitrophenol per minute at pH8.0 at 37℃.
Amino acid sequence
DGSMQQNSPK IHEGWWAYKE VVQGSFVPVP SFWGLVNSAW NLCSVGKRQS PVNIETSHMI FDPFLTPLRI NTGGRKVSGT MYNTGRHVSL RLDKEHLVNI SGGPMTYSHR LEEIRLHFGS EDSQGSEHLL NGQAFSGEVQ LIHYNHELYT NVTEAAKSPN GLVVVSIFIK VSDSSNPFLN RMLNRDTITR ITYKNDAYLL QGLNIEELYP ETSSFITYDG SMTIPPCYET ASWIIMNKPV YITRMQMHSL RLLSQNQPSQ IFLSMSDNFR PVQPLNNRCI RTNINFSLQG KDCPNNRAQK LQYRVNEWLL KHHHHHH
Safety Data Sheet
Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are a family of enzymes that play a crucial role in regulating pH balance and carbon dioxide transport in various tissues and organs. Carbonic anhydrase X (CA10) is a less-studied member of this family, and this research aims to explore its structure, function, and implications in metabolism and disease. Understanding the molecular mechanisms and regulatory roles of CA10 can provide valuable insights into its potential as a therapeutic target for various disorders.
Structure and Expression of Carbonic Anhydrase X:
CA10, also known as mitochondrial carbonic anhydrase, is a membrane-associated protein predominantly found in the mitochondria of various tissues, including the liver, kidney, and brain. It possesses the characteristic zinc-binding catalytic domain found in other CAs. However, CA10 has distinct features, including a unique N-terminal mitochondrial targeting sequence, suggesting its specific role within mitochondria.
Role of Carbonic Anhydrase X in Metabolism:
CA10 is involved in the regulation of pH and bicarbonate concentrations within the mitochondrial matrix, impacting mitochondrial metabolism. It catalyzes the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate, facilitating the exchange of carbon dioxide between the mitochondria and the cytoplasm. This process is vital for maintaining acid-base homeostasis and efficient energy production through oxidative phosphorylation.
Implications of Carbonic Anhydrase X in Disease:
Emerging evidence suggests that CA10 may be implicated in various pathological conditions. Alterations in CA10 expression or activity have been associated with metabolic disorders, including obesity and diabetes. Furthermore, dysregulation of mitochondrial function and pH homeostasis, in which CA10 plays a role, have been linked to neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, and cardiovascular disorders. Elucidating the precise contributions of CA10 in these pathologies is an area of active investigation.
Therapeutic Potential of Carbonic Anhydrase X:
The unique properties and expression patterns of CA10 make it an intriguing target for therapeutic interventions. Modulating CA10 activity or expression could have implications in metabolic disorders, where the manipulation of mitochondrial function and pH regulation could offer therapeutic benefits. Developing selective inhibitors or activators of CA10 could be explored to regulate its enzymatic activity and modulate mitochondrial metabolism.
Challenges and Future Directions:
Although CA10 shows promise as a therapeutic target, several challenges remain. The elucidation of the precise regulatory mechanisms and signaling pathways involving CA10 within mitochondria is necessary for a comprehensive understanding of its function. Additionally, the development of specific modulators that selectively target CA10 without affecting other CAs or disrupting physiological processes is a critical consideration.
The study of CA10 protein provides valuable insights into its distinct role in mitochondrial metabolism and disease pathogenesis. Understanding the molecular mechanisms and functional implications of CA10 opens avenues for the development of targeted therapies for metabolic disorders, neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, and cardiovascular disorders. Further research on CA10, its interactions, and its modulation in pathological conditions will contribute to the development of novel therapeutic interventions to improve patient outcomes.