IGF-I is purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.
For long term storage it is recommended to add a carrier protein (0.1% HSA or BSA).
Please prevent freeze-thaw cycles.
(a) Analysis by RP-HPLC
(b) Analysis by SDS-PAGE.
Amino acid sequence
Publication: Journal of Endocrinology (2009) 202, 287–297.
Application: support spermatogenesis in an androgen-independent manner (Leal et al. 2006)
2.Title:Suppression of Anoikis by SKP2 Amplification and Overexpression Promotes Metastasis of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma .
Publication:doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-08-0092 Mol Cancer Res January 2009 7; 12
3.Title:MECHANISMS OF BIOMATERIAL MEDIATED FIBROTIC RESPONSES AND STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE TISSUE REACTIONS TO BIOMATERIAL IMPLANTS.
Publication:THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT ARLINGTON
IGF stands for insulin like growth factors, which are proteins that have a high similarity to insulin. They are part of a complicated process that uses cells to communication with the physiologic environment around them. IGF’s complex system is often called the ‘axis’. This consists of:
● Two cell-surface receptors (IGF1R and IGF2R)
● Two ligands (IGF-1 and IGF-2)
● A family of six high-affinity IGF-binding proteins.
The Effect IGF Has On The Body
Many unique tissue types express the IGF-1 receptor, and the effects can vary. It induces the survival of neurons, may catalyse skeletal muscle hypertrophy by inducing protein synthesis, and by blocking muscle atrophy. It works as a protector for cartilage cells, and may work to be an anabolic factor for the bones. When used in high concentrations, it can activate the insulin receptor, and can even complement the effects that insulin has on the body.
Diseases And IGF
Diseases and IGF are closely related, and a number of them can be affected. The Insulin IGF axis is thought to have an effect on aging, with an increased life span shown in fruit flies when used in studies.
It is also important to note the crucial role that IGF plays in cancer and diabetes - IGF- 1 has been shown to stimulate growth in both prostate and breast cancer cells. The degree of risk that IGF-1 poses is up for debate, and many scientists are not in agreement. IGF has also shown to have the ability to decrease blood glucose levels, although not quite as effective as insulin.
How Was IGF Discovered?
Investigators began studying the effects of biological substances on cells and tissues outside the body when IGFs were discovered. The name is self explanatory in the fact that IGF performs insulin actions in some tissues, but is less potent than insulin at decreasing blood sugar. Its fundamental action is to stimulate growth, whether that be within the epidermal growth factor or the nerve growth factor.
What’s The Difference Between IGF-1 And IGF-2?
The two types of IGF are IGF-1 and IGF-2. Although the names are similar, the specific actions that they take are different - they bind and activate completely difference receptors. The major actor in them both is the effect that they have on cell growth. Most of the actions of the pituitary growth hormone are mediated by IGFs, but predominantly IGF-1. Growth hormone works to stimulate many tissues within the body, especially the liver which then secretes IGF-1. This then causes hypertrophy, or in layman's terms, an increase in cell size, as well as hyperplasia which is an increase in the number of cells.
The IGF-1 concentration will increase during childhood and hit peak during puberty, but will then decrease afterwards, as does the hormone secretion itself. It has been proven that children and adults with a deficiency of the growth hormone have low serum IGF-1 concentrations when put in comparison with others in the same age range. Patients who have conditions like acromegaly have been shown to have increased serum IGF-1 concentrations. The production of IGF-2 is less dependent on the secretion of growth hormone than IGF-1, and is much less important for stimulating linear growth.