E1 and E2 glycoproteins form a heterodimer which is involved in virus attachment to the host cell, virion internalization via clathrin-dependent endocytosis and fusion with host membrane. E1/E2 heterodimer binds to human LDLR, CD81 and SCARB1/SR-BI receptors, however this binding insufficient for infection, some additional liver specific cofactors may be required. The fusion function may perhaps be conducted by E1. E2 hinders human EIF2AK2/PKR activation, preventing the establishment of an antiviral state. E2 is a viral ligand for CD209/DC-SIGN and CLEC4M/DC-SIGNR, which are respectively located on dendritic cells (DCs), and on liver sinusoidal endothelial cells and macrophage-like cells of lymph node sinuses. These interactions allow seizure of circulating HCV particles by these cells and subsequent diffusion to permissive cells.
Recombinant Hepatitis C Virus E2 Genotype-1 produced in E. coli is a single polypeptide chain containing 226 amino acids (aa 482-671) and having a molecular mass of 25.4kDa (NCBI Accession#NP_671491).
HCV E2 is fused to a 36 amino acid His-tag at N-terminus.
Sterile Filtered colorless solution.
The HCV E2 solution (0.25mg/ml) contains 20mM Tris-HCl buffer (pH 8.0), 0.4M Urea and 10% glycerol.
Store at 4°C if entire vial will be used within 2-4 weeks. Store, frozen at -20°C for longer periods of time.
For long term storage it is recommended to add a carrier protein (0.1% HSA or BSA).
Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.
Greater than 80.0% as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Amino acid sequence
MRGSHHHHHH GMASMTGGQQ MGRDLYDDDD KDRWGSERPY CWHYPPRPCG IVPAKSVCGP VYCFTPSPVV VGTTDRSGAP TYSWGANDTD VFVLNNTRPP LGNWFGCTWM NSTGFTKVCG APPCVIGGVG NNTLLCPTDC FRKHPEATYS RCGSGPWITP RCMVDYPYRL WHYPCTINYT IFKVRMYVGG VEHRLEAACN WTRGERCDLE DRDRSELSPL LLSTTQ.
Safety Data Sheet
ProSpec's products are furnished for LABORATORY RESEARCH USE ONLY. The product may not be used as drugs, agricultural or pesticidal products, food additives or household chemicals.