Hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) is a 17 kD transcriptional coactivator that plays a significant role in the regulation of genes involved in inflammation and cell survival. It regulates many transcription factors including nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) and plays a key role in hepatocarcinogenesis. rHBx facilitates the binding of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) to its responsive element. rHBx stabilizes the cellular coactivator ASC-2 through direct protein-protein interaction, affecting the regulation of genes actively transcribed in liver cancer cells. HBx transactivates both JNK and MAPK signal transduction pathways in association with the mobilization of cytosolic Ca2+. The communication between HBx and general transcription factor TFIIB is also one of the mechanisms which account for its transcriptional transactivation. HBx decreased the expression of PTEN a known tumor suppressor and a negative regulator of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase/AKT and HBx decreased the expression of PTEN in HBx-transfected cells. The etiology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is involved with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and HBx in particular plays a role in the development of HBV-related HCC. The persistence of HBx is important to the pathogenesis of early HCC and HBx expression in the liver during chronic HBV infection may be an important prognostic marker for the development of HCC.
HBV-X Recombinant produced in E. coli is a single polypeptide chain containing 165 amino acids (2-154) and having a molecular mass of 17.8 kDa.
HBV-X is fused to a 12 amino acid His-tag at N-terminus & purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.
Filtered (0.4µm) and lyophilized from 0.5mg/ml in 50mM acetate buffer pH4 and 5% trehalose.
It is recommended to add 0.1M Acetate buffer pH4 to prepare a working stock solution of approximately 0.5mg/ml and let the lyophilized pellet dissolve completely. For conversion into higher pH value, we recommend intensive dilution by relevant buffer to a concentration of 10µg/ml. In higher concentrations the solubility of the HBV X antigen is limited. Filter sterilize your culture media/working solutions containing this non-sterile product before using in cell culture.
For long term storage lyophilized protein should be stored at -20°C. Aliquot the product after reconstitution to avoid repeated freezing/thawing cycles. Reconstituted protein can be stored at 4°C for a limited period of time; it does not show any change after two weeks at 4°C.
MRGSHHHHHH GSAARVCCQL DPARDVLCLR PVGAESRGRP VSGPFGTLPS PSSSAVPADH GAHLSLRGLP VCAFSSAGPC ALRFTSARRM ETTVNAHQVL PKVLHKRTLG LSAMSTTDLE AYFKDCLFKD WEELGEEIRL KVFVLGGCRH KLVCSPAPCN FFTSA.
ProSpec's products are furnished for LABORATORY RESEARCH USE ONLY. The product may not be used as drugs, agricultural or pesticidal products, food additives or household chemicals.